The gates of hell / The gates of heaven
The gates of hell / The gates of heaven
The samurai's pride
The gates of hell
The gates of heaven
禅の導師 master 白隠はまれな開花の1人だ。
この導師 master のところへ来たことを忘れた。
それらは今 now とここ here にある。
from osho talks
from osho transformation tarot
osho transformation タロット より
A Bird on the Wing
Talks on Zen
Talks given from 10/06/74 am to 20/06/74 am
English Discourse series
Chapter title: The Gates of Heaven and Hell
12 June 1974 am in Buddha Hall
chapter 3 の英語の全講話です。
The Gates of Heaven and Hell
A WARRIOR CAME TO THE ZEN MASTER HAKUIN AND ASKED
"IS THERE SUCH A THING AS HEAVEN AND HELL?"
"WHO ARE YOU?"
THE WARRIOR REPLIED
"I AM CHIEF SAMURAI TO THE EMPEROR."
"YOU, A SAMURAI? WITH A FACE LIKE THAT, YOU LOOK MORE LIKE A BEGGAR."
AT THIS THE WARRIOR BECAME SO ANGRY HE DREW HIS SWORD.
STANDING CALMLY IN FRONT OF HIM, HAKUIN SAID
"HERE OPEN THE GATES OF HELL."
PERCEIVING THE MASTER'S COMPOSURE, THE SOLDIER SHEATHED HIS SWORD AND BOWED.
HAKUIN THEN SAID
"AND HERE OPEN THE GATES OF HEAVEN."
Heaven and hell are not geographical.
If you go in search of them you will never find them anywhere.
They are within you, they are psychological.
The mind is heaven,
the mind is hell,
and the mind has the capacity to become either.
But people go on thinking everything is somewhere outside.
We always go on looking for everything outside because to be inwards is very difficult.
We are outgoing.
If somebody says there is a god, we look at the sky. Somewhere, sitting there, will be the divine person.
One psychologist in an American school asked small children what they thought about God.
Children have clearer perception: they are less cunning, more truthful. They are more representative of the human mind, they are unperverted.
So he asked the children and the answers were collected. The conclusions were very ridiculous.
Almost all the children depicted God something like this -- an old man, very tall, bearded and very dangerous.
He created fear.
If you didn't follow him he would throw you into hell;
if you prayed and followed him he would give you paradise and all the pleasures.
He was sitting on a throne in the sky watching everybody.
You couldn't escape him; even in your bathroom he was looking.
The outgoing mind projects everything outside.
This is YOUR God too.
Don't laugh, don't think this is a child's conception -- no, this is you.
This is how you think about God -- as a cosmic spy, always searching to condemn, to punish, to throw you into hell... as very ferocious, revengeful.
That's why all religions are based on fear.
Religions say if you do this you will be appreciated, rewarded; if you don't do this, you will be punished.
The base seems to be fear.
God just seems to be a very powerful emperor sitting on a throne in heaven.
The whole concept is foolish but human;
the human mind is foolish.
The whole concept is anthropocentric.
In the Bible it is said God created man in his own image.
In reality, it seems to be quite otherwise:
man created God in his own image.
We have projected God in our own image;
he is just a blow-up of the human mind.
He is a bigger human mind, that's all.
if you think God is somewhere outside you,
you have not even taken the first step towards being religious.
The same happens with all such concepts.
We say heaven is without, hell is without;
it is as if there exists nothing within.
What is within you?
The moment you think of the within it seems that everything goes empty.
What is within?
The world is without, sex is without, sin is without, virtue is without.
God, heaven, hell -- everything is without.
What is within you?
Who are you?
The moment you think of the within your mind goes blank, there is nothing.
In reality, everything is within;
the outer is just a projection.
Fear is within you; it is projected as a hell.
Hell is just a projected image on the screen -- of the fear that is within you, of the anger, of the jealousy, of all that is poisonous in you, of all that is evil in you.
Heaven is, again, a projected image on the screen -- of all that is good and beautiful, of all that is blissful within you.
The Devil is the fallen human being,
God is the risen human being.
God is the ultimate possibility of your beatitude;
the Devil is your ultimate fall.
There is nobody like the Devil existing somewhere.
You will never meet him unless you become him.
And you will never encounter God unless you become God.
In the East religions transcended this anthropocentric attitude very long ago, in the past.
Eastern religions are non-anthropocentric.
They say "you cannot encounter God, you can become God.
They say "When you reach to the ultimate point of existence, there will be no God to receive you and welcome you. Only you will be there in your godliness.
So this can be said, and I go on insisting: There exists no God -- existence is divine.
There exists no one like a person, a super-person, no one.
God is nonexistential,
godliness is existential.
The moment I say godliness... it becomes something inward; the moment you say God, you have projected it.
This story is beautiful.
The Zen master Hakuin is one of the rare flowerings.
A warrior came to him, a samurai, a great soldier, and he asked
"Is there any hell, is there any heaven?
If there is hell and heaven,
where are the gates?
Where do I enter from?
How can I avoid hell and choose heaven?"
He was a simple warrior.
Warriors are always simple.
It is difficult to find a businessman who is simple.
A businessman is always cunning, clever; otherwise he cannot be a businessman.
A warrior is always simple; otherwise he cannot be a warrior.
A warrior knows only two things, life and death -- nothing much.
His life is always at stake, he is always gambling; He is a simple man.
That's why businessmen could not create a single Mahavir, a single Buddha.
Even Brahmins could not create a Ram, a Buddha, a Mahavir.
Brahmins are also cunning, cunning in a different way.
They are also businessmen -- of a different world, of the other. They deal in business not of this world, but of the other world.
Their priesthood is a business;
their religion is mathematics, arithmetic.
They are also clever, more clever than businessmen.
The businessman is limited to his world, their cunningness goes beyond. They always think of the other world, of the rewards they are going to get there. Their rituals, their whole mind is concerned with how to achieve more pleasures in the other world.
They are concerned with pleasure: they are businessmen.
Even Brahmins could not create a Buddha.
This is strange.
All the twenty-four Jaina tirthankaras were kshatriyas, warriors.
Buddha was a warrior;
Rama and Krishna were warriors.
They were simple people, with no cunning in their minds, with no arithmetic.
They knew only two things -- life and death.
This simple warrior came to Hakuin to ask where is heaven and where is hell.
He had not come to learn any doctrine.
He wanted to know where the gate was so he could avoid hell and enter heaven.
And Hakuin replied in a way only a warrior could understand.
If a brahmin had been there, scriptures would have been needed;
he would have quoted the Vedas, the Upanishads, the Bible, the Koran, then a Brahmin would have understood.
All that exists for a brahmin is in the scriptures; scriptures are the world.
A brahmin lives in the word, in the verbal.
If a businessman had been there, he would not have understood the answer, the response Hakuin gave, the way he acted with this warrior.
A businessman always asks
"What is the price of your heaven?
What is the cost?
How can I attain it?
What should I do?
How virtuous should I be?
What are the coins?
What should I do so heaven can be attained?"
He always asks for the price.
I have heard one beautiful story --
it happened in the beginning when God created the world.
God came to earth to ask different races about the ten commandments, the ten rules of life.
The Jews have given so much significance to those ten rules --
Christians also, Mohammedans also.
All these religions are Jewish, the source is the Jew, and the Jew is the perfect businessman.
So God came to ask, he came to the Hindus and asked,
"Would you like to have ten commandments?"
The Hindus said,
"What is the first? We must have a sample. We don't know what these ten commandments are."
"Thou shalt not kill."
The Hindus said,
"It will be difficult.
Life is complex, killing is involved.
It is a great cosmic play:
there is birth, death, fighting, competition.
If all the competition is taken away the whole thing will become flat, dull.
We don't like these commandments -- they will destroy the whole game."
Then he went to the Mohammedans and said,
"Thou shalt not commit adultery."
He also gave them one example -- they had also asked for a sample.
The Mohammedans said,
"This will be difficult... life will lose all beauty. At least four wives are needed. You call it adultery, but this is all that life can give, all that a virtuous man should have.
Who knows of the other world?
This is the world; you have given it to us to enjoy and now you have come with these ten commandments. This is contradictory."
God went around and around.
Then he came to Moses, leader of the Jews.
Moses never asked for a sample, and God was afraid:
if Moses said no, nobody was left;
Moses was the last hope.
When God asked Moses -- the moment God said,
"I have ten commandments" --
what did Moses reply?
"How much do they cost?"
This is how a businessman thinks:
the first thing he wants to know is the cost.
"They cost nothing."
And Moses said,
"Then I will have ten.
If they cost nothing, there is no problem."
That's how the ten commandments were born.
But this samurai was not a Jew;
he was not a businessman,
he was a warrior.
He had come with a simple question.
He was not interested in scriptures, not in cost, not in any verbal answer.
He was interested in reality.
And what did Hakuin do?
"Who are you?"
And the warrior replied,
"I am a samurai."
It is a thing of much pride to be a samurai in Japan. It means being a perfect warrior, a man who will not hesitate a single moment to give his life.
For him, life and death are just a game.
"I am a samurai, I am a leader of samurais. Even the emperor pays respect to me."
Hakuin laughed and said,
" You, a samurai? You look like a beggar."
The samurai's pride was hurt, his ego hammered. He forgot what he had come for.
He took out his sword and was just about to kill Hakuin.
He forgot that he had come to this master to ask where is the gate of heaven, to ask where is the gate of hell.
Then Hakuin laughed and said,
"This is the gate of hell.
With this sword, this anger, this ego, here opens the gate."
This is what a warrior can understand.
Immediately he understood: This is the gate.
He put his sword back in its sheath.
And Hakuin said,
"Here opens the gate of heaven."
Hell and heaven are within you,
both gates are within you.
When you are behaving unconsciously there is the gate of hell;
when you become alert and conscious, there is the gate of heaven.
What happened to this samurai?
When he was just about to kill Hakuin, was he conscious?
Was he conscious of what he was about to do?
Was he conscious of what he had come for?
All consciousness had disappeared.
When the ego takes over, you cannot be alert.
Ego is the drug,
the intoxicant that makes you completely unconscious.
You act but the act comes from the unconscious, not from your consciousness.
And whenever any act comes from the unconscious, the door of hell is open.
Whatsoever you do, if you are not aware of what you are doing the gate of hell opens.
Immediately the samurai became alert.
Suddenly, when Hakuin said,
"This is the gate,
you have already opened it --" the very situation must have created alertness.
Just imagine what would have happened if you had been the warrior, if you had been the samurai, sword in hand, just about to kill.
A single moment more and Hakuin's head would have been severed;
a single moment more and it would have been separated from the body.
And Hakuin said,
"This is the gate of hell."
This is not a philosophical answer;
no master answers in a philosophical way.
Philosophy exists only for mediocre, unenlightened minds.
The master responds but the response is not verbal, it is total.
That this man may have killed him is not the point.
"If you kill me and it makes you alert, it is worth it" -- Hakuin played the game.
If a single moment had been lost this man would have killed him.
But at the right moment Hakuin said,
"This is the gate."
You may not have heard about samurais.
Say you are about to kill a samurai: your sword is in your hand, it is just about to touch his neck. He is standing before you, unprotected, without any weapon. Samurais have a particular sound, a mantra. He will just say a single word so loudly that all your energy will go. You will become as if dead, a statue.
He may simply say, "Hey!"
You will become static, your hand will not move.
That sound will hammer the heart, which controls everything.
Your hand will become static,
your mind will be shocked;
all activity will disappear.
You cannot kill a samurai, even if he is without weapons. A sound becomes a protection. If you have a gun, your hands cannot move or you will miss the aim. It is just a sound, a sound that has to be made in a particular way, so that it goes deep into your heart and changes your activity completely, changes the pattern of your activity.
When Hakuin said, "This is the gate,"
the samurai must have remained static.
In that static state, when all activity ceases, you become alert.
Some activity is needed...
otherwise your unconscious would break and you would become conscious.
Zen says if a person can sit for six hours without doing anything he will become enlightened.
Just for six hours... but six hours is really too long; I say six minutes is enough.
Even six seconds will do if you can be absolutely without activity.
When you are not occupied, you cannot be unconscious; when you are unoccupied your whole energy becomes consciousness.
A tremendous release occurs.
Your energy is engaged in occupation.
Your mind is thinking,
your body is working,
you are occupied.
Your whole energy is moving in activity, is being dissipated into the world.
When you think, you are dissipating energy;
each thought takes energy, needs energy.
You are continuously thinking and dissipating energy for nothing -- just dissipating energy.
Activity needs energy, and your infinite source of energy is continuously being dissipated.
You are leaking from everywhere.
That's why you feel so weak, so frustrated, so impotent.
This impotence feels like helplessness; you are omnipotent and you feel impotent.
You have all the sources of infinite energy within you, you are related to the cosmic source, but you feel impotent because you are continuously dissipating energy.
If thought stops even for a single moment and activity is no more,
if you have become like a statue, unmoving within or without,
if there is no movement, either of body or of mind, then tremendous energy is released.
Where will it go now there is no activity?
It cannot go without.
You become a pillar of energy, a flame of energy.
Everything becomes conscious inside,
everything is lighted;
your whole being is filled with light.
This must have happened to the warrior -- stopped, sword in hand with Hakuin just before him, with a master, an enlightened master, before him.
The eyes of Hakuin were laughing, the face was smiling, and the gate of heaven opened.
the sword went back into its sheath.
While putting the sword back into the sheath he must have been totally silent, peaceful.
The anger had disappeared,
the energy moving in anger had become silence.
If you suddenly awake in the middle of anger, you will feel a peace you have never felt before. Energy was moving and suddenly it stops.
You will have silence, immediate silence.
You will fall into your inner being and the fall will be so sudden,
you will become aware.
It is not a slow fall, it is so sudden that you cannot remain unaware.
You can remain unaware only with routine things, with gradual things; you move so slowly you can't feel movement.
This was sudden movement --
from activity to no- activity,
from thought to no-thought,
from mind to no-mind.
As the sword was going back into its sheath, the warrior realized.
And Hakuin said,
"Here open the doors of heaven."
Silence is the door.
Inner peace is the door.
Non-violence is the door.
Love and compassion are the doors.
Heaven and hell are not geographical,
they are psychological,
they are your psychology.
And this is not a question to be decided on the day of judgment.
The human mind is so clever: in avoiding, in escaping, Christians, Mohammedans and Jews have created a concept of the last day when everybody is to be judged -- you will be taken out of your grave and judged.
Those who have followed Jesus, who have been good, who have believed, will go to heaven;
those who have misbehaved, who have not followed Jesus, who have not been to church, will be thrown into hell.
Christian hell is one of the most ridiculous things.
It is eternal, there is no end to it.
This seems injustice, sheer injustice;
whatsoever sin you have committed no punishment which is eternal can be just.
Bertrand Russell somewhere has joked,
"If I calculate all my sins, sins that I have committed and sins that I have not committed, only brooded over -- if even they are included -- the hardest judge can't send me to jail for more than four years. And Christianity sends you to hell forever."
Bertrand Russell has written a book,
Why I am not a Christian; this is one of his arguments. It is a beautiful argument because the whole thing seems to be ridiculous.
If, as Hindus say, you have committed millions of sins in millions of lives, it may look logical to send a person to hell for eternity.
But Christians believe in only one life, a life of seventy years.
How can you commit so much sin that you deserve eternal hell?
If you commit sin continuously for seventy years, even then eternal hell doesn't look just.
The whole thing seems to be revengeful: so God is throwing you into hell because of your sins, because you were disobedient, because you were rebellious, because you didn't listen to him. It seems to be revenge, but revenge can be unjust. Is it punishment?
It seems ridiculous.
The human mind has created a last judgment day.
Why? - why wait for the last day?
The mind always postpones, pushes things ahead: the problem is not right here and now, it is a question of the last day, so we will see.
The problem is not urgent, we will see what happens.
There are ways and means...
In the last moment you can follow Jesus, in the last moment you can surrender and say to God, "I was a sinner."
You can confess and be forgiven.
God is infinite compassion,
God is love; he is going to forgive you.
Christians have evolved a technique of confession.
You commit sin, and then you go to the priest and confess; confessed, you are relieved. If you confess honestly, you are ready to sin again; the past sin is forgiven. Once you know the trick, the key -- that you can commit a sin and be forgiven -- who is going to prevent you from committing more?
So the same people keep on coming to the priest every Sunday and go on confessing.
Sometimes the ego is such that people confess sins they never committed.
The ego is such that if you start confessing, you may become so involved in it that you may start confessing sins you never committed.
To be a greater sinner is so ego-filling -- the greater the sinner, the greater will be the forgiveness of the divine.
It has been said by those studying Leo Tolstoy's autobiographical notes deeply, that many sins he says he committed he never committed at all. He is enjoying.
Jean-Jacques Rousseau has written Confessions, his autobiography; the sins he confesses, he never committed.
The same is possible with Mahatma Gandhi; in his autobiography the things he depicts himself as committing may be exaggerations.
This is how the ego works:
whatever you say you take to the extreme,
then there is the beautiful feeling that you have confessed.
Last judgment, confession are tricks of the mind.
Heaven and hell are not at the end,
they are here and now.
Every moment the door opens;
every moment you go on wavering between heaven and hell.
It is a moment-to-moment question,
it is urgent;
in a single moment you can move from hell to heaven, from heaven to hell.
This is the meaning of the story.
Not even a single moment had passed and Hakuin said,
"This is the gate of hell.
Now the gate of hell opens."
And not a single moment had passed and he said,
"Look, this is the gate of heaven."
Heaven and hell are not very distant,
they are neighbors;
only a small fence divides them.
You can jump that fence, even without a gate.
You go on jumping from this to that.
In the morning you may be in heaven;
by evening you are in hell.
This moment heaven,
that moment hell.
It is just an attitude,
just a state of your mind,
just how you are feeling.
Many times, in a single life, you may visit hell, and many times you may visit heaven. In a single day also...
There is a beautiful story of a disciple of Mahavira.
He was a great king, he renounced and became a disciple of Mahavira.
He was very ascetic, austere, and did whatever Mahavira said to the very extreme.
His name spread all over the country -- it was Prasannachandra.
Even kings started coming to pay homage to him.
One king, Bimbasar, who had been a friend of Prasannachandra when he was also a king, came to the cave where he was standing naked under the sun, with his eyes closed.
Bimbasar bowed down before Prasannachandra and thought,
"When will the time come when I will also become so peaceful, so silent, blissful?
This man has achieved!"
Then he went to Mahavira, Prasannachandra's master -- he was near, somewhere in the same forest. He said to Mahavira,
"Bhagwan, just before coming to you I went to Prasannachandra. He was standing with his eyes closed, so blissful, so heavenly. He has achieved. When will the moment come for me? I am not so fortunate -- I feel jealous.
I have another question: If Prasannachandra had died that very moment when I was there, paying my respects to him, where would he reach? Which heaven would he attain?"
Jainas say there are seven heavens and seven hells.
"He will fall to the seventh hell."
Bimbasar couldn't understand, he was puzzled and confused. He said,
"What are you saying, the seventh hell?
Prasannachandra was standing so silently, so peacefully, so meditatively; he was in such ecstasy. If he falls to the seventh hell what will happen to me? Are there more hells beyond the seventh? No, you must be joking, tell me the truth."
"This is the truth. Just before you a few people had passed by; they also went to pay homage to Prasannachandra. They started gossiping around him; he heard, and the doors of hell opened. Those people were coming from his capital where he had been king.
They said, "This fool has renounced all! The prime minister, to whom he has given the whole responsibility for running the kingdom, is a thief. He is looting, he is destroying. When Prasannachandra's son comes of age, when he comes to be king, there will be nothing left. And this fool is standing here with his eyes closed."
Prasannachandra heard this.
Suddenly the door of hell opened.
He forgot. He was also a samurai, a warrior, a kshatriya.
He completely forgot that he had renounced, he forgot that there was no sword;
he completely forgot that he was now a monk.
The samurai who had gone to Hakuin had a sword.
Prasannachandra had none, he was standing naked.
He pulled out his sword -- the sword was not there, it was just an illusion -- and completely forgot that he was a sannyasin.
The whole thing was so burdensome, so much anxiety was created by the news, that he pulled his sword out of the sheath and said,
"I am alive! What does that prime minister think? I will go and cut off his head. I am still here!"
Whenever he used to become angry in the old days he would always touch his crown, so he touched his crown. There was no crown, just a shaven head. Suddenly he remembered,
"What am I doing? There is no sword; I am a sannyasin and have renounced all."
"If he had died at the very moment he realized this he would have achieved the seventh heaven.
Prasannachandra realized what he had been imagining. Just through imagination the door of hell was opened, now it had closed. If he had died at this moment, he would have achieved the seventh heaven."
Hell and heaven are within you.
The doors are very close:
with the right hand you can open one,
with the left hand you can open another.
With just a change of your mind,
your being is transformed --
from heaven to hell and from hell to heaven.
This goes on continuously.
What is the secret?
The secret is
whenever you are unconscious,
whenever you act unconsciously,
you are in hell;
whenever you are conscious,
whenever you act with full awareness,
you are in heaven.
If this awareness becomes so integrated,
that you never lose it,
there is no hell for you;
if unconsciousness becomes so consolidated,
that you never lose it,
there is no heaven.
Fortunately unconsciousness can never become so consolidated;
a part always remains conscious.
When your whole being seems to be unconscious,
even then a witnessing part always remains conscious.
Even while asleep, a part is witnessing.
That's why in the morning you sometimes say the sleep was beautiful.
Sometimes you say the sleep was disturbed, nightmarish; sometimes you say,
"I slept so deeply, so peacefully, it was such great happiness."
Who knows this?
You were asleep -- who knows that you were so happy?
A part has witnessed; a part was continuously alert, knowing.
Who knows that you were disturbed, uneasy, uncomfortable?
You were asleep -- even in sleep a part of you knows.
You cannot become completely unconscious.
Once achieved, consciousness cannot be lost, you cannot reverse the process.
You cannot be eternally in hell -- this Christian doctrine is absolutely false -- but you can be eternally in heaven.
This is the Hindu doctrine: hell can only be temporary, it can be only for the time being; it is temporal.
Heaven can be eternal.
To make a distinction between the momentary heaven and the eternal heaven Hindus have a different word -- MOKSHA.
Hindus have three words;
Christians, Mohammedans, Jews have only two words.
Heaven and hell are the two words for Mohammedans, Christians and Jews.
naraka for hell,
swarga for heaven,
and moksha -- beyond both.
A third word.
Hindus say heaven is not worth achieving; it can be lost.
When the state of heaven becomes permanent,
when it cannot be lost, it is moksha, it is absolute freedom.
Then bliss has become your nature then heaven and hell have disappeared.
Then wherever you are, it will make no difference.
This third state is the aim.
But you cannot reach the third
if you are flickering,
if you are wavering between heaven and hell;
then nothing can be consolidated, integrated.
Then you live in a flux, there is no crystallization, your being is liquid.
Sometimes it moves to heaven,
sometimes, to hell.
you become more and more conscious,
you become more and more centered,
more and more grounded.
Less asleep, you become more aware, and a moment comes -- even when you are asleep, you are conscious.
Ananda used to sleep with Buddha in his room.
A buddha is worth watching, even in his sleep, so Ananda used to watch sometimes.
A buddha asleep is such a beautiful phenomenon: he looks like a small child, innocent, with no burden of the day.
You dream only because you carry a burden, only because the day is incomplete.
You have left many things incompleted; they have to be completed in the dream.
You looked at a woman, you desired her, but it was not possible. Society, the law, the state, morality, your own conscience, diverted your attention. You escaped from the woman but she will follow you in the dream; the act has to be completed. You must make love to this woman, if not in reality then in the dream; only then will you feel at ease.
The incomplete act becomes a burden.
A buddha sleeps dreamlessly because nothing is incomplete.
There is no desire, no passion.
Nothing arises and nothing remains; things pass as if in front of a mirror.
A woman passes and Buddha looks but no passion arises.
The woman has passed, the mirror is vacant again; there is no trace, no mark of it.
He is dreamless.
Even a child is not dreamless, even a child has desires.
Maybe the desire is not for a woman,
it may be for a new toy or for something else, but even a child dreams.
Even a cat, a dog dreams.
Look at a cat and you will feel it is dreaming of rats. It is jumping, catching; it is sometimes frustrated and sometimes very happy if the rat is caught.
Look at a dog sleeping. You can feel it is dreaming about flies, about bones, about fighting.
Sometimes it is tense,
The sleep is disturbed.
To look at a buddha while he is asleep is very beautiful, so Ananda used to watch.
Buddha would go to sleep, and Ananda would sit and look at him.
He was such a silent pool of being.
Nothing was incomplete, everything, every moment was complete and perfect.
There was no dream,
there were no traces left;
his mind was a clean mirror.
The stream of consciousness was never muddled, it was crystal clear.
Ananda became puzzled because Buddha always slept in the same posture.
He would remain the whole night in the same posture; he would not change, he would remain in the same posture.
That posture has become very famous -- it is called the lying posture.
You may have seen Buddha's pictures.
There are many statues in Ceylon, China, Japan and India.
If you go to Ajanta, there is a statue of Buddha lying down.
That posture, how Buddha lay, has been reported by Ananda.
Buddha slept in the same posture the whole night, not even changing sides.
So one day Ananda asked,
"Bhagwan, everything is okay, but one thing puzzles me: you remain in the same posture the whole night.
Are you asleep or not?
If someone is asleep he will change his posture.
Are you asleep or not?
Even while you are asleep or appear to be asleep, it appears you are alert. It seems you know what the body is doing; you will not even change your posture unconsciously."
"Yes, when the mind is silent, not dreaming, only the body sleeps.
Consciousness remains alert."
Krishna has said to Arjuna in the Gita,
"While you sleep the yogi remains alert."
Even in the night his sleep is not sleepy.
His sleep is only in the body, a rest in the body, a relaxation in the body;
his consciousness is alert.
In reality a yogi's consciousness needs no relaxation;
it is always relaxed,
There is no tension.
Relaxation is needed because of tension.
You are so tense the whole day,
your consciousness has to be relaxed.
A yogi's body relaxes because the body gets tired.
His body is a mechanism;
his consciousness is always alert, continually alert.
It is a continuum of alertness.
When your consciousness becomes a continuum ere are no gaps in consciousness;
when there is no darkness within you,
your whole inner temple has become enlightened.
The light has reached to every corner and no part of your inner house is in darkness.
You are a mukta, a free man.
This is the meaning of a christ.
You are Christ arisen, resurrected.
Now there is no night for you, only the day exists; now the sun never sets.
Heaven means consciousness,
hell means unconsciousness:
there is the possibility to move to either.
When the possibility disappears there is no hell, no heaven -- there is a third; the ultimate opens the door.
You become free,
you become freedom.
This is the goal.
Hakuin did well, but this could only have been done with a warrior.
The warrior responded immediately -- he became angry, totally angry.
If he had been a businessman, he would have smiled; anger would have been inside.
He would not have been ready, immediately, to cut off Hakuin's head.
Hakuin's response would have been useless.
You do this also:
when you are angry, you smile.
You are so inauthentic and false, even in anger, you lie.
Your love cannot be believed because even your anger is unbelievable.
Your whole life is a continuous lie:
whatsoever you do, you are not truthful.
Angry, you are not truthful;
you smile, you paint it on, you hide it -- you show something else.
Then you cannot be made alert that this is the gate of hell.
This warrior was like a child -- he became totally angry. He became so angry he was going to kill this man he had come to as a disciple. He had come in search of a master and he was going to kill this man.
He was total.
This totalness helped.
If you are total in your anger you will be total when the anger disappears;
if you are false in your anger you cannot be real in your silence.
"Look, you have opened the door of hell."
Immediately the samurai realized.
This can be realized only if you are total and truthful, otherwise it cannot be realized.
You are such a deceiver you would have deceived Hakuin.
You would have smiled.
That means the door of hell would have been open but painted with the signboard of heaven.
It would have looked from the outside as if it were heaven but inside it would have been hell.
You would have divided and fragmented.
No, it would not have been of much help.
This warrior became so total in his anger,
he lost all his consciousness.
He became angry.
He was not angry -- there was no one who was angry -- he simply became anger; his whole energy became anger, he was mad.
At such a peak things can be realized.
Then they become penetrative, then somebody can be made alert.
And the warrior could look.
He was a truthful man.
Then Hakuin said,
"This is the gate of hell."
and he could realize.
When you are total,
you can realize.
Suddenly the anger disappeared.
Because it was total, it disappeared;
because it was total, it disappeared totally.
If it had been fragmentary it could not have disappeared totally.
It totally disappeared, totally.
A deep silence was left behind.
This is what I have been telling you continuously:
If you are a sinner, be a true sinner; don't try to create a facade of being a saint.
A true sinner is bound to become a true saint, sooner or later.
Time is irrelevant.
A true sinner is true, that is the point; sin is not the point.
I have heard,
a peddler was caught and brought to court.
He was peddling without a license. He was a new man in town but knew that a license was needed. There were a few other persons standing before the magistrate -- three women had also been caught. They were prostitutes without licenses. This is really a wonderful world -- governments even issue licenses for prostitution. They were caught without licenses, so the magistrate asked the first woman,
"What do you say?
Who are you and what are you doing?"
The woman said,
"I am a model."
She was lying. The magistrate sentenced her to thirty days hard labor.
He asked the second woman. She said,
"Somewhere something is wrong. I have been caught wrongly; I am an actress."
The magistrate sent her for sixty days.
He looked at the third woman. The third woman said,
"My lord, I am a prostitute."
The magistrate could not believe that anybody could be so truthful, that anybody could confess so truly. He said,
"Authenticity has become so rare that you have shocked me. I have never encountered anyone who is truthful. Go, I forgive you. I'll not give you any punishment."
Then came the number of the peddler. The magistrate asked,
"What were you doing?"
"To be frank, I am also a prostitute."
This is what is going on -- faces.
False faces all over... deception.
You are not even aware of how you deceive and who you are deceiving.
There is no one to be deceived; you are deceiving yourself trying to escape, trying to hide.
That warrior was a true man;
this untruthfulness was not there.
He was ready to kill or to die;
he became so inflamed he was a fire.
The door was open.
Your door is never completely open -- you sneak through the holes.
Your heaven is also never open -- you enter from the back door.
To be total is a basic thing for any seeker, for anyone in search of silence and truth.
When you are angry, be angry.
Don't think of the consequences;
let the consequences be there, suffer them, but don't deceive yourself.
When entering hell, enter totally.
Don't leave half your mind outside;
go into it,
pass through it,
Pain is going to be there but pain gives maturity; suffering is going to be there but you can transcend it if you understand.
Only a total mind can understand.
And when anger disappears, you will become so silent, so meditative.
If you love, love totally;
if you hate, hate totally.
Don't be fragmentary; suffer the consequences.
Because of consequences you try to deceive -- you are a peddler and you say you are a prostitute -- because of consequences, you are never angry, never hateful.
Then you will miss heaven also.
One who is incapable of opening the door of hell completely, will be incapable of opening, completely, the door of heaven.
Go through hell.
The path passes through there; heaven is achieved through hell.
This is the meaning of the anecdote.
Hakuin first created hell for the warrior;
hell must be created first.
Hell is easy to create -- you are always ready, always knocking at the door.
You are afraid but always ready;
you are not courageous but always ready;
you are not daring, but always ready.
There is continuous turmoil inside.
Hakuin could not have created heaven first;
that is impossible, no one is ready.
Heaven is very far away;
hell is nearby, just around the corner.
You move and you are in it.
I, also, cannot create heaven for you.
That is why all my meditation techniques are designed to create hell first.
People come to me and say,
"Make us silent.
Why do you insist on us going mad?"
I cannot open the doors of heaven first and you cannot become silent.
Be totally mad first.
I create hell for you and you will have to pass through it. It is the nearest thing you can easily do.
Heaven is very far away, and one who has not traveled through hell cannot reach heaven.
My insistence is a very considered one.
You can understand the story now.
Hakuin said to the warrior,
"You, a samurai?
Your face looks like a beggar's."
The samurai could not tolerate this, it was too much. A beggar? He would never beg, not even for his life. Immediately he was touched to his very core. A beggar? Impossible! The sword came out.
I am touching you, hitting you, hammering you in all my meditation techniques just to bring your hell out. But you are such cowards that even if you bring your hell out it will not be total. You play with it, you are not involved in it; you are fragmentary, you only become lukewarm. Lukewarm won't do. You have to be boiling, only then can you evaporate.
The ego evaporates only at the boiling point, not before.
You just become lukewarm.
It is of no use, it is an unnecessary waste of heat; again, you will become cold.
After meditation you will become cold, cold to the extreme.
In your catharsis open the door of hell.
I promise you, if you can open it I will open the other door immediately. It is always open; once you open the door of hell, it is near.
To say this much is enough:
"Look, this is the gate of hell."
Then the gate closes.
And the other gate opens.
HOW DOES WHAT YOU SAID ABOUT HEAVEN AND HELL TIE IN WITH WHAT YOU'VE BEEN SAYING ABOUT ROOTS AND WINGS?
WHEN YOU SAY ROOTS INTO THIS EARTH AND WINGS INTO THAT HEAVEN, I'VE GOT A FEELING OF BEING INFINITELY STRETCHED -- THAT THIS EARTH IS CLOSE AND THAT HEAVEN IS FAR AWAY.
WHAT IS THE SIGNIFICANCE OF "THIS" AND "THAT"?
This earth is close,
not because it is close
but because of you.
That heaven is far away,
not because it is far away,
but because of you.
"This" means the world,
"This" means the body --
"This" means all that has been condemned by religions.
They are always against "this" and for "that."
"That" means Brahma,
"That" means moksha,
"That" means the divine.
"This" means the material world -- this devilish world, this which is condemned.
All the religions have condemned this world.
I don't condemn it.
I want to give you roots into this world.
All the religions have said unless you are uprooted from "this," you will not get wings into "that."
They are against "this," against the world, the body, against the material, the visible.
All you feel as near, they are against.
They are for something very far away, something abstract -- God, Brahma, moksha.
Nobody knows, nobody is in contact with it; there is no communion, no touch with it.
It looks like a dream, like poetry, it looks imaginary.
All religions have condemned "this."
They say, "Be uprooted."
That's why they call sannyas renouncing the world, renouncing "this."
I do not.
They have created a dualism... not only dualism, they have created antagonism between "this" and "that," between the physical and the spiritual.
To me, roots into "this" will help to give you wings into "that."
I don't create any antagonism where there is none.
Antagonism comes from a mind in conflict, from a mind in duality.
Out of conflict, dual theories are created, conflicting theories.
I am not dual; I create no conflict.
I see "that" not against "this" but as a flowering of "this."
I see wings not against roots but as a flowering of the roots.
Trees have wings into the sky -- theirbranches are their wings.
They have roots into the earth and branches into the sky.
I would like you to be a strong tree -- with roots into "this" and wings into "that."
My God is not against the world.
My God is in the world.
My God is the world.
This earth is not against that heaven;
they are two polarities of the same phenomenon.
"This" appears near you because your mind is not yet in a state to see the invisible.
Your mind is so disturbed, so coarse, that you can see only the visible, the rough; the subtle escapes you.
If your mind becomes silent, thoughtless, the subtle will become visible.
God is not invisible;
he is visible everywhere.
But your mind is not yet tuned to the subtle, to the invisible.
The invisible can be seen.
The word means that which cannot be seen, but no, the invisible can be seen; only you need more subtle, more refined eyes.
A blind man cannot see, he cannot see that which is visible to you but his eyes can be cured and then he can see the sunlight, colors, rainbows.
All that was invisible before has not become visible.
God is not invisible.
You don't have the right eyes, that's all;
You are not a tuned being for which the subtle opens its doors.
"This" and "that," for me, are not divided;
"This" reaches into "that",
"that" comes into "this."
For you, "that" means the far away -- not for me.
For me, "This" is "that" and someday it will be the case for you also: "this" will be "that."
This world is God.
The visible hides the invisible.
That's why my sannyas is not a renunciation.
My sannyas is not against anything; it is for the totality, for the whole.
Be rooted in the earth so that you can stretch to the sky; be rooted in the visible so that you can reach into the invisible.
Don't create duality and don't create any antagonism.
If I am against anything,
I am against antagonism.
I am against being against anything;
I am for the whole, the complete circle.
The world and God are not divided anywhere.
There is no boundary:
the world goes on spreading into God and God goes on spreading into the world.
Really, to use two words is not good but language creates problems.
We say the creator and the created, we divide.
Language is dualistic;
in reality there is no created and no creator,
only creativity, only a process of infinite creativity.
Nothing is divided.
Everything is one -- undivided.
Language is just like a political map.
India, Pakistan, Bangladesh are divided on the political map, and if you ask the earth where India begins and Pakistan ends, the earth will laugh and think you mad.
The earth is round, it is one;
only on political maps is it not and maps are false.
And politicians are madmen, madmen who have attained power.
They are more dangerous than madmen who live in madhouses, because they have power.
Where do you end and I begin?
Where is the point where we can draw a line between you and me?
There cannot be any demarcation.
The air goes on flowing in you.
You breathe: if even for a moment the air is not flowing in you, if the breath is not coming, you will be dead.
And the air in me just a moment before has left me and entered you.
It was my life just a moment before,
now it is your life;
and your breath has returned to me.
It was your life, now it is my life.
Where are we divided?
Life goes on flowing;
life is something in between you and me.
The tree goes on creating oxygen and you breathe it.
If the trees disappear,
you will disappear.
The trees go on changing cosmic rays into food -- that is what fruit and vegetables are -- and if they disappear, you will be no more.
They are constantly creating food for you, that's how you exist.
Greenery is in a constant process of creating food for you; you depend on it.
The clouds go on moving, bringing water for you.
The whole is connected.
The faraway sun sends its rays to you and those rays are life.
If the sun disappears, all life will disappear.
Even the sun gets its energy from some source; scientists have not yet been able to find that source, but if that source disappears everything will disappear.
Everything is related, joined together.
This world does not exist in fragments,
it exists as a whole, one whole.
To me, "this" plus "that" is God.
That's why I say very contradictory things.
I would like to give you two things:
roots into this earth,
into all that is earthly,
wings into that heaven,
into all that is abstract for you now,
into all that you cannot even comprehend,
that cannot be conceptualized.
Roots into the finite, wings into the infinite...
And you need not renounce "this."
If you renounce "this," you are renouncing your roots.
That has happened; that is why your monks, your sadhus, look so dead.
They have renounced "this;"
they are uprooted beings.
Uproot a tree and you are exposing the part that was hidden in the earth.
Soon the flowers will die,
the branches will die,
the leaves will start falling.
That's what is happening to your sannyasins,
the so-called old sannyasins.
They destroy their roots because they are against this earth and then their flowering stops.
Have you ever seen an old sannyasin in a flowering state? -- one who is blossoming every day, one who is giving anew every day, one who is flowering into the unknown every day.
No, you will find a rigid, patterned, disciplined being there, a dead being.
Mahavira may have been alive but look at the followers of Mahavira.
Look at their faces -- you cannot see any flowers there.
Their eyes are dull and dead;
they are uprooted trees.
They have to be pitied;
they need much help, much compassion.
They are ill.
Without roots they are bound to be ill.
They may have destroyed their sex but they don't know that they have destroyed their love also.
Sex is "this";
love is "that."
When you destroy sex,
you destroy love.
I say go so deep into sex that it becomes love -- so deep that your very roots start flowering, that your very roots become blossoms.
The beginning becomes the end,
the seed becomes the tree.
Go so deep into it that the other is found hidden there.
It is always there.
You can control your anger but then there will be no compassion.
Go so deep into anger that your anger becomes compassion.
Then something, a miracle, has happened to you.
Then you will be blessed,
then there will be benediction;
then, only, there will be ecstasy.
This earth symbolizes all that has been condemned, and that heaven, all that has been desired.
But I don't divide; to me, both are one.
And the day will soon come for you too when you will be able to see that "this" is pregnant with "that."
this world is just a womb for the divine;
the earthly is just a cover, a protective cover, for the unearthly.
The seed, the cell of the seed, is not against the tree, it is a protection.
Matter is just a protection for the Divine.
Look, and always try to find the unity.
In unity is religion, in disunity religion is lost.
And avoid being against.
If you are against, you will become rigid, hard, and the harder you become the more dead you will be.
I have heard that it once happened that a gang of robbers, by mistake, entered a monastery.
They thought this house belonged to some rich man -- the monastery had a look of richness -- so they entered.
But the monks gave them such a hard fight they were happy when they succeeded in escaping.
When they met again outside the town, one of the robbers philosophized,
"Not bad, we have a hundred rupees among us."
The leader said,
"You fools! I have always told you to avoid monks. We had five hundred rupees when we entered the monastery!"
I also say to you: avoid monks.
If you enter the monastery with five hundred flowers, you will have only one hundred when you come out.
They are enemies, enemies of "this," and I say those who are enemies of "this" are bound to be enemies of "that" -- whether they know it or not.
Love "this" and love it so deeply that your love transcends "this" and reaches "that."
That's what I mean:
roots into this earth,
wings into that heaven.
『The last word of Buddha was, sammasati.
Remember that you are a buddha – sammasati.』
瞑想と愛 meditation & love